Led lamps: led downlight fixtures.

Reference: D.1.1

LEME Mitigation

Replace lamps and fixtures existing lamps by more efficient and sustainable led equipped devices.

When the durations of lighting are important (commercial premises, halls and circulations in hotels and hospitals)

EU Directive 2005/32/EC

Estimated pay back time short term : 2-4 years, medium term: 4-6 years, long term : 6-8 years (*)

Short/ Medium term

LED replaces gradually the other types of lamps, including compact fluorescent light bulbs, because of their best lighting efficiency on one hand, and of higher life expectancy on the other hand (the quality of the manufacturing is an important factor for this life expectancy. .