Heat Pumps: producing hot water of households or large scale facilities with high SEER above 4, leading to high electricity efficiency and avoiding constraints linked to large roof surface needed for thermal solar panels
Heat Pumps: Domestic hot water (households) and large scale implementation (hotel sctor) with already case-studies available (hotel sector)
Eurovent or equivalent international certification
The hot water can be produced either by electric water heaters which are low investment solutions but relying only on electricity (grid). Solar water heaters widely used in the domestic and housing sectors have a productivity of 400-600 kWh /m2. The surface constraint for implementing large collective solar collectors is a limiting factor for promoting thermal solar energy. The need to have a monitoring tool for checking in real time the collector productivity is also a strong limitation. The use of heat pumps is a major shift on the market from these technologies to more efficient ones (heat pumps) which can be ”plug in” and easily maintained.